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Career Guidance after class 12th

The question What comes after class 12th? is commonly asked by students who are about to complete their 12th-grade education. It is a crucial time for students as they contemplate their career prospects, job opportunities, and personal passions. In many cases, students feel overwhelmed and confused due to a lack of accurate information about the available courses in India and their corresponding career prospects. Read more blogs about career at college49

To make an informed decision about the course to pursue after 12th grade, students should consider their interests, motivations, and objectives. There are a variety of fields to choose from in India, including science, commerce, and the arts. Here is a list of courses in these three streams that can help students align their choices with their interests and career goals:

List of courses after 12th

Undergraduate Courses after Class 12th for Arts Students

  •       BBA- Bachelor of Business Administration
  •       BMS- Bachelor of Management Science
  •       BFA- Bachelor of Fine Arts
  •       BEM- Bachelor of Event Management
  •       Integrated Law Course- BA + LL.B
  •       BJMC- Bachelor of Journalism and Mass Communication
  •       BFD- Bachelor of Fashion Designing
  •       BSW- Bachelor of Social Work
  •       BBS- Bachelor of Business Studies
  •       BTTM- Bachelor of Travel and Tourism Management
  •       Aviation Courses
  •       B.Sc- Interior Design
  •       B.Sc.- Hospitality and Hotel Administration
  •       Bachelor of Design (B. Design)
  •       Bachelor of Performing Arts
  •       BA in History

Undergraduate Courses available after 12th Science:

After completing class 12th with the science stream, there are a variety of options available for an undergraduate course. Students who have an interest in technical learning can choose engineering courses and the rest can choose from the courses listed below.

  •       BE/B. Tech- Bachelor of Technology
  •       B.Arch- Bachelor of Architecture
  •       BCA- Bachelor of Computer Applications
  •       B.Sc.- Information Technology
  •       B.Sc- Nursing
  •       BPharma- Bachelor of Pharmacy
  •       B.Sc- Interior Design
  •       BDS- Bachelor of Dental Surgery
  •       Animation, Graphics, and Multimedia
  •       B.Sc. – Nutrition & Dietetics
  •       BPT- Bachelor of Physiotherapy
  •       B.Sc- Applied Geology
  •       BA/B.Sc. Liberal Arts
  •       B.Sc.- Physics
  •       B.Sc. Chemistry
  •       B.Sc. Mathematics

Under B.Tech, you have an option of various courses to do after the class 12th which include:
Science is one of the popular streams offering a wide range of technical courses. Here is the list of UG engineering courses for students who have completed their secondary education in the science stream.

  •       Aeronautical Engineering
  •       Automobile Engineering
  •       Civil Engineering
  •       Computer Science and Engineering
  •       Biotechnology Engineering
  •       Electrical and Electronics Engineering
  •       Electronics and Communication Engineering
  •       Automation and Robotics
  •       Petroleum Engineering
  •       Instrumentation Engineering
  •       Ceramic Engineering
  •       Chemical Engineering
  •       Structural Engineering
  •       Transportation Engineering
  •       Construction Engineering
  •       Power Engineering
  •       Robotics Engineering
  •       Textile Engineering
  •       Smart Manufacturing & Automation

Undergraduate Courses available after class 12th Commerce:

Students who want to learn about finance and management can opt commerce stream after the 12th. For commerce students, mathematics is an optional subject, thus students who have an interest in mathematics but do not want to go with the science stream can take commerce with maths.

  •       B.Com- Bachelor of Commerce
  •       BBA- Bachelor of Business Administration
  •       B.Com (Hons.)
  •       BA (Hons.) in Economics
  •       Integrated Law Program- B.Com LL.B.
  •       Integrated Law Program- BBA LL.B

These are just a few examples of the diverse range of courses available to students after completing their 12th-grade education in India.

Competitive Exams after class 12th

MedicalExam NameMarine, Navy, Defence  Fashion & Design Humanity & Social Sciences Agriculture, Management & Hotel ManagementLaw 
NEETBITSATIndian Maritime University Common Entrance TestNational Institute of Fashion Technology (NIFT) Entrance TestCentral University Entrance Test (CUET) for UG coursesIndian Council of Agricultural Research ICAR AIEEA-UG-PGCentral University Entrance Test (CUET) for UG courses
 COMED-KIndian Navy B.Tech Entry SchemeNational Institute of Design AdmissionsIIT Madras Humanities and Social Sciences Entrance Examination (HSEE)Integrated Program in Management  Admission TestAll India Law Entrance Test (AILET)
 IPU-CET (B. Tech)Indian Navy Sailors RecruitmentAll India Entrance Examination for Design (AIEED)TISS Bachelors Admission Test (TISS-BAT)All India Hotel Management Entrance Exam NCHMCT JEE 
 Manipal (B. Tech)Indian Army Technical Entry Scheme (TES) The English and Foreign Languages University Hyderabad Entrance TestIntegrated Program in Management  Admission Test 
 VITEEENational Defence Academy and Naval Academy Examination    
 AMU (B. Tech)     
 NDA Entrance with PCM (MPC)     
 All India Engineering Entrance Exam with PCM (MPC)     
 State-Level Engineering Entrance Exams     

Government Exams after class 12th

If you are planning to pursue government jobs after completing 12th, there are various entrance exams across different vacancies that you can appear for. Some of the popular Government exams after the class 12th are:

SSC Exams

  • SSC Combined Higher Secondary Level
  • Upper Division Clerk (UDC)
  • Lower Division Clerk (LDC)
  • Postal Assistant (PA)
  • Data Entry Operator (DEO)
  • Sorting Assistant (SA)
  • SSC Stenographer
  • SSC GD Constable Exam
  • SSC Multitasking Staff)

NDA exam for Armed Forces

  • Indian Coast Guard Exam
  • Indian Navy Exam
  • Indian Army Exam
  • Indian Coast Guard Exam for the post of Sailors, Technicians, Assistant Commandants and Airmen

RRB or Railway Recruitment Exams or UPSC Exams

  • UPSC CAPF Exam
  • AFCAT Exam
  • Insurance Exams
  • Bank Exams
  • Public Service Commissions (PSC) exams
  • RRB Assistant Loco Pilot
  • Railway Group D

Indian Security Forces Exams

  • Border Security Force (BSF)
  • Central Reserve Police Force (CRPF)
  • Sashastra Seema Bal (SSB)
  • Indo-Tibetan Border Police Force (ITBP)
  • Central Industrial Security Force (CISF)

Career options after class 12th

After completing your 12th grade, there are several options you can consider besides pursuing higher education or graduation. Here are a few alternatives to explore:

  1. Vocational Training: Enroll in vocational courses or training programs that provide practical skills in specific fields. These courses can include trades like plumbing, carpentry, electrical work, automotive repair, culinary arts, fashion designing, graphic design, and more.
  2. Professional Certification: Explore various professional certification programs that align with your interests or career goals. These certifications can enhance your knowledge and skills in specific industries, making you more employable. For example, you can pursue certifications in project management, digital marketing, programming languages, web development, and more.
  3. Entrepreneurship: If you have a unique business idea or a passion for starting your own venture, consider becoming an entrepreneur. This path requires careful planning, market research, and acquiring relevant skills. You can start small and gradually expand your business with dedication and hard work.
  4. Skill Development: Identify areas where you want to improve your skills and invest time in learning and developing those skills. Take advantage of online courses, workshops, seminars, community organizations, and skill-building programs. This can help you gain expertise in your chosen field and increase your employability.
  5. Internships and Apprenticeships: Look for internships or apprenticeship opportunities in industries that interest you. These programs provide practical exposure and real-world experience, allowing you to learn on the job. Internships and apprenticeships can open doors to future employment or help you decide on a specific career path.
  6. Gap Year or Travel: If you’re unsure about your immediate career path, consider taking a gap year or traveling to explore different cultures and gain life experiences. This can provide you with a broader perspective and help you discover your passions and interests.

Remember, the choice you make depends on your personal interests, goals, and circumstances. It’s essential to research and consider all available options to make an informed decision about your future path.

Competitive Exams After class 12th to Study Abroad

Studying abroad has become increasingly accessible for Indian students, thanks to advancements in technology and global connectivity. If you’re considering studying abroad, there are several important exams you should be aware of. Here are the most popular exams for Indian students planning to study overseas:

  • Test of English as a Foreign Language (TOEFL): The TOEFL measures the English language proficiency of non-native speakers. It is widely accepted by universities and colleges in English-speaking countries.
  • International English Language Testing System (IELTS): Similar to the TOEFL, the IELTS assesses the English language proficiency of non-native speakers. It is recognized by universities and educational institutions worldwide.
  • Pearson Test of English (PTE): The PTE is another English language proficiency test that evaluates reading, writing, listening, and speaking skills. It is accepted by universities in English-speaking countries as well.
  • Scholastic Assessment Test (SAT): The SAT is a standardized test commonly required for undergraduate admissions in the United States. It assesses knowledge in reading, writing, and mathematics.
  • American College Testing (ACT): The ACT is an alternative standardized test to the SAT. It evaluates English, mathematics, reading, and science reasoning skills and is also used for undergraduate admissions in the United States.
  • Graduate Record Examinations (GRE): The GRE is a standardized test often required for admission to graduate programs, particularly in the fields of science, technology, engineering, and mathematics (STEM), as well as business.
  • Graduate Management Admission Test (GMAT): The GMAT is specifically designed for admission to business and management programs, such as MBA programs, offered by universities worldwide.
  • Medical College Admission Test (MCAT): The MCAT is required for students applying to medical schools in the United States and Canada. It assesses knowledge of natural, behavioral, and social sciences, as well as critical thinking and problem-solving skills.

These exams play a crucial role in the application process for studying abroad. It’s essential to research and understands the specific requirements of your desired universities or programs and prepares accordingly for these exams.