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How To Become a Human Resources Manager

The role of Human Resources Manager is increasingly in high demand, with businesses and organizations actively seeking highly educated and well-trained HR managers and specialists. Read more career blogs at college49.

Who is a Human Resources Manager?

Human Resource Managers, also known as HR Managers, are responsible for planning and supervising employee benefit programs and coordinating an organization’s workforce to foster its growth. They play a crucial role in overseeing the recruitment and hiring process of new employees and collaborate with top executives to strategize and implement organizational plans.

What does a Human Resources Manager do?

  • Collaborates with the leadership team to understand and implement the organization’s human resources and talent strategy, with a focus on current and future talent needs, recruitment, employee retention, and succession planning.
  • Provides guidance and support to HR generalists, management, and staff on complex and sensitive matters, such as reasonable accommodations, investigations into alleged wrongdoing, and terminations; may be responsible for handling routine tasks in delicate situations.
  • Oversees the talent acquisition process, including recruiting, interviewing, and hiring for managerial, exempt, and professional positions; works closely with department managers to identify the required skills and competencies for open roles.
  • Analyzes compensation and benefits trends; conducts research and proposes competitive base and incentive pay programs to attract and retain top talent.
  • Develops and implements learning and development programs and initiatives that offer internal growth opportunities for employees.
  • Manages employee disciplinary meetings, terminations, and investigations. Ensures compliance with federal, state, and local employment laws and regulations, as well as recommended best practices; reviews and updates policies and practices to maintain compliance.
  • Stays updated on industry trends, best practices, changes in employment law, and new HR technologies. Performs additional responsibilities as assigned.

What Does Human Resources Manager Skills Have?

Human Resources managers are responsible for a wide range of tasks, from recruitment to compensation. Thus, they need to possess a diverse set of skills. Here are some of the skills required to become an HR manager:

  1. Adaptability: HR managers should be agile and capable of handling challenging situations. They must be able to adapt to changes, such as employee resignations or requests for salary increases, and respond effectively.
  2. Analytics: With the digitization of HR processes, HR managers need to embrace technology and be proficient in using analytics tools. This allows them to enhance efficiency and productivity in tasks like managing employee records and compensation.
  3. Empathy: Dealing with employee issues and grievances is a key responsibility of an HR manager. They should possess empathy and compassion to effectively address employee concerns and boost morale. Being a good listener is also important, and many HR managers adopt an open-door policy to encourage open communication.
  4. Ethics: HR managers handle sensitive employee information and must adhere to high ethical standards. Maintaining confidentiality and ensuring the privacy of employee data is crucial to protect their careers and maintain trust within the organization.
  5. Communication: Strong interpersonal skills are essential for HR managers as they interact with individuals from diverse backgrounds on a daily basis. Having excellent written and verbal communication skills helps to prevent misunderstandings and ensures effective communication within the organization.
How To Become a Human Resources Manager
How To Become a Human Resources Manager 3

What is the Eligibility to Become a Human Resources Manager?

To become an Human Resources Manager, certain eligibility criteria must be met, depending on the level of education one wishes to pursue.

Diploma Degree: To pursue a Diploma degree in Human Resource Management, students need to pass their Class 12th board exams with a minimum of 45% aggregate marks or equivalent CGPA.

Undergraduate Degree: Students must secure 60% and above aggregate marks or equivalent CGPA in their Class 12th board exams and also need to appear for various national or university-level entrance exams.

Postgraduate Degree: Students must achieve a minimum of 60% aggregate marks or equivalent CGPA at the undergraduate level. Additionally, they need to clear various Management Entrance Exams such as CAT, MAT, SNAP, XAT, and NMAT.

Doctoral Degree: Students should obtain excellent marks in their graduation as well as postgraduation degrees. Furthermore, they need to qualify for various entrance exams to pursue a Ph.D. in Human Resource Management.

What is the qualification Needed to Become a Human Resources Manager?

  1. Completion of 10+2 or equivalent examination To pursue a Bachelor’s degree or diploma in human resource management (HRM), you must successfully complete a 10+2 examination or its equivalent. This is the minimum requirement for entering the HRM field. The subject studied in 10+2 does not restrict entry into this field. However, for admission to undergraduate programs or diploma courses, a minimum of 60% marks in 10+2 is typically required.
  2. Obtain a Bachelor’s degree or equivalent The initial step in any HR program is completing a diploma in HRM, followed by pursuing a Bachelor of Arts (BA) or Bachelor of Business Administration (BBA) degree. Some individuals may also opt for dual-degree programs such as BBA-MBA.
  3. Attain a Master’s degree HR managers often hold a Master’s degree in human resources, business administration, or labor laws. For those aspiring to advance their HR careers further, pursuing a doctoral program in Human Resource Management after completing a Master’s degree is an option. A doctoral degree in HR can significantly enhance the salary potential.
  4. Complete a Certification Course in Human Resources Although certifications are not mandatory for becoming an HR manager, they are valuable additions to your resume, demonstrating your expertise to potential employers. Certifications provide opportunities for interactive learning and real-world experiences.
  5. Begin applying for job positions Industry experience is essential to qualify for an HR management position. Look for job opportunities that align with your level of work experience and career goals.

What is the Pay Scale Provided to Human Resources Managers?

Here are some average salary figures for Human Resources Managers based on different job profiles:


  • Training & Development Manager: ₹3.4 LPA
  • Administrative Services Managers: ₹2.5 LPA
  • Compensation and Benefits Managers: ₹5 LPA


  • Starting: ₹2.9 LPA
  • Median: ₹6.9 LPA
  • Experienced: ₹20 LPA

What are the Benefits of Pursuing a Career in Human Resources?

The role of an Human Resources Manager is highly esteemed globally. Candidates with a keen interest in management can pursue this profession, as it offers various career benefits and opportunities in the field of management.

High Salary: Human Resources Managers enjoy a competitive average income ranging from 9 lakh to 10 lakh per annum. Compared to other professions worldwide, Human Resources Manager salaries tend to fluctuate significantly.

Positive Impact: As an Human Resources Manager, you have the opportunity to make a positive impact on others. People will approach you with their personal and work-related issues, and you must act as a mentor, career advisor, and psychologist to help find solutions.

Continual Learning: The profession of Human ResourcesManager provides continuous learning opportunities. Each day brings new and diverse tasks from clients, offering a vast scope for learning and personal growth.

Why should you choose a career in Human Resource Manager?

  1. You’ll have a position of influence HR professionals have a unique perspective on the organizations they work for, allowing them to understand the priorities and challenges and make employment decisions that shape the company’s future.
  2. You’ll have the potential for an above-average salary HR professionals are compensated well due to the importance of their work. The median annual salary for human resources specialists in 2020 was $63,490, higher than the median for all occupations. Advancing into an HR management position can lead to a substantial increase in earning potential, with a median annual salary of $121,220 reported for HR managers.
  3. You’ll have the opportunity to change lives HR professionals have the ability to positively impact people’s lives through their daily work. They can help individuals in need by providing employment opportunities, health insurance, tuition reimbursement, and job training that enhances transferable skills.
  4. You’ll have job stability While technology and automation impact many industries, HR remains well-positioned to withstand technological displacement. HR careers require human intuition and common sense, qualities that technology cannot effectively replicate.
  5. You can contribute to the development of others HR professionals play a crucial role in the professional development of employees. Through performance reviews and exit interviews, they gather valuable information that guides performance improvement plans, benefiting both the organization and individual employees.
  6. The field is experiencing steady growth The employment of HR specialists is projected to increase faster than the average for all occupations, with a growth rate of seven percent through 2029. This steady growth ensures continued demand for HR professionals in recruiting, benefits management, and other HR roles.
  7. You’ll find gratification in problem-solving As an HR professional, you have the opportunity to address and resolve organizational issues before they escalate. Spotting and solving problems contributes to a more productive and harmonious work environment.
  8. You’ll be involved in welcoming new employees Creating a positive onboarding experience is an important aspect of HR work. By ensuring new hires feel welcome and prepared to join the team, HR professionals help reduce the stress associated with starting a new job and set employees up for success.

How to Become a Human Resources Manager Abroad?

Now that the economy is experiencing growth and there are more opportunities for education abroad and living overseas, it is becoming possible to observe and manage multinational corporations. Pursuing a master’s degree in human resource management abroad, particularly in the field of international resource management, offers several key benefits. Let’s explore them:

  1. Broadening Knowledge: By studying HR abroad, you can gain expertise in the HR practices of successful international corporations. You will have the opportunity to network with industry experts and learn from renowned authorities in the field.
  2. In-Depth Study: The program allows you to delve into the principles and concepts that underlie effective personnel management in various organizational contexts. You will learn about crucial HR practices such as recruitment, cost control, workplace safety, and employee management.
  3. International Functionality: The curriculum covers the functionality and operational procedures involved in managing and running a global organization. This equips you with the skills and knowledge necessary to navigate the complexities of international business environments.
  4. Preparation for Global Career Opportunities: Students pursuing this course gain the necessary skills to structure, manage, and adapt the roles and responsibilities of multinational companies. Graduates with a specialization in international human resource management are highly valued by companies seeking professionals with a global mindset.

How to Become a Human Resources Manager in India?

Here is a step-by-step guide on how to become a Human Resources manager in India:

  1. Obtain a Bachelor’s or Master’s Degree in Human Resources To become an HR manager, it is recommended to earn a bachelor’s degree in human resources or a related field, such as finance, business management, education, or information technology. Higher-level positions may require a master’s degree in human resources, labor relations, or business administration. Certification, although voluntary, can also enhance employment prospects. The Society for Human Resource Management (SHRM) offers certification, and individuals with a master’s degree in an HR-related field may qualify for certification sooner than those with only a bachelor’s degree.
  2. Consider an Internship While not mandatory, aspiring Human Resources managers should consider participating in an internship in the field. Internships provide valuable work experience, which is often a requirement for Human Resources manager positions. Additionally, internships can be beneficial for voluntary certification. For instance, students who have completed at least 500 internship hours may be eligible to take the certification exam offered by the Society for Human Resource Management.
  3. Gain Relevant Work Experience Becoming a Human Resources manager typically requires gaining work experience in a related occupation, such as a human resources specialist. HR specialists are involved in various tasks, including recruitment, interviewing, employee relations, compensation, benefits, and training. Similar occupations to Human Resources managers include administrative services managers, compensation and benefits managers, compensation, benefits, and job analysis specialists, human resources specialists, top executives, training and development managers, and training and development specialists.
  4. Apply for a Managerial Position Transitioning from an HR specialist to an HR manager often involves applying for a managerial position within the same organization or elsewhere. While promotions within the organization are possible, it is common for specialists to seek managerial openings. Holding a master’s degree in human relations and obtaining voluntary certification can enhance the chances of securing a managerial role.
  5. Consider Obtaining Certification Although certification is not mandatory for HR managers, it can improve employment prospects. The SHRM-Certified Professional designation offered by the Society for Human Resource Management is available to HR managers with varying levels of education and professional experience who meet the qualification criteria and pass a specialized exam. Other certification options are also offered by the HR Certification Institute, World at Work, and the International Foundation of Employee Benefit Plans.

1. What are the primary responsibilities of a Human Resources manager?

The primary responsibilities of an HR manager include developing and implementing HR policies and procedures, managing employee relations, overseeing recruitment and onboarding processes, administering employee benefits, ensuring legal compliance, and fostering a positive work environment.

2. What are the primary responsibilities of a Human Resources manager?

The primary responsibilities of an HR manager include developing and implementing HR policies and procedures, managing employee relations, overseeing recruitment and onboarding processes, administering employee benefits, ensuring legal compliance, and fostering a positive work environment.

3. What is the role of a Human Resources manager in recruitment and selection?

An HR manager plays a crucial role in recruitment and selection by developing job descriptions, conducting candidate sourcing, screening and interviewing applicants, coordinating background checks, and making hiring decisions based on the organization’s needs and requirements.

4. How does an HR manager contribute to employee development?

HR policies and procedures provide guidelines and rules for employees, ensuring consistent and fair treatment. They cover various areas such as code of conduct, performance management, leave policies, disciplinary procedures, and compliance with employment laws.

5. What is the importance of HR policies and procedures?

HR policies and procedures provide guidelines and rules for employees, ensuring consistent and fair treatment. They cover various areas such as code of conduct, performance management, leave policies, disciplinary procedures, and compliance with employment laws.

6. How does an HR manager handle employee relations issues?

An HR manager handles employee relations issues by promoting open communication, mediating conflicts, addressing grievances, investigating complaints, and taking appropriate actions to resolve conflicts and maintain a harmonious work environment.

7. How does an HR manager promote employee engagement?

An HR manager promotes employee engagement by implementing initiatives such as employee recognition programs, fostering a positive work culture, facilitating communication channels, conducting employee surveys, and promoting work-life balance.