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How To Become a Police Officer Easily

A Police Officer is a government official entrusted with the responsibility of protecting lives, and property, and maintaining law and order. With a strong dedication to serving society, a Police Officer plays a crucial role in upholding peace, investigating crimes, and addressing various issues within the country. This article will delve into the eligibility criteria and the process of becoming a Police Officer. Read more career blogs at college49.

What does a Police Officer do?

When it comes to the realm of professions, few hold as much respect in India as that of a Police Officer. These dedicated individuals, serving as esteemed government officials, bear the weighty responsibility of safeguarding society from the clutches of crime and disorder, diligently striving to maintain peace and harmony. Furthermore, their duties encompass the critical tasks of crime investigation, the preservation of public order, and the identification of potential criminal situations.

To embark upon the path of becoming a Police Officer, there exist several commendable courses one can pursue after completing their 12th grade education. Fields such as Criminology, Sociology, and Political Science hold promise for aspiring individuals. It is imperative that students obtain their graduation degree from a recognized Government or Private College, demonstrating a minimum aggregate score of 45% or an equivalent CGPA.

Following the completion of their graduation, candidates must successfully navigate various Entrance Exams, including the esteemed CSE (Civil Service Exams) or the SSC exams, as directed by the respective state governments. Additionally, it is advisable to explore the different types of Police Officers to gain comprehensive knowledge in the field.

The average starting salary for a Police Officer in India stands at INR 3.67 LPA. However, as one accrues experience and exposure, their salary has the potential to escalate significantly, reaching heights of up to INR 24 LPA, all the while accompanied by a gradual ascent in designations and rankings. On average, the initial salary of a Police Constable in India ranges from INR 2.24 LPA to 3.36 LPA, while an Assistant Commissioner of Police receives a salary of approximately INR 5.1 LPA.

What Do a Police Officer Skills Have?

The table below outlines some of the crucial skills for reference:

Active Listening
Attention to Detail
Physical Stamina
Community Awareness
Critical Thinking
Interpersonal Communication

What are the Eligibility Criteria for a Police Officer?

To pursue a career as a Police Officer, candidates must complete their 10+2 examination from a recognized board. In this section, we will discuss the eligibility criteria and steps to become a Police Officer.

If you have completed your class 12 and wish to join the police force immediately, follow the steps outlined below. After passing the 12th class, candidates become eligible to apply for various posts such as Constable or Police Head Constable in the police force. The eligibility criteria for Constable positions require candidates to be at least 18 years old, with an upper age limit of 25.

What is the qualification of a Police Officer?

Becoming a Police Officer demands more than mere success in an entrance exam or a basic understanding of law and order. The path to becoming a Police Officer is firmly rooted in the educational system and encompasses a range of qualifications. Completion of at least the 12th grade serves as the initial prerequisite for joining the esteemed Indian Police Force. Once this milestone is achieved, aspiring candidates can pursue the following qualifications to realize their dream of becoming a Police Officer.

Aspiring candidates must first acquire a bachelor’s degree from a recognized college or university, demonstrating a minimum aggregate score of 45% or above across any discipline. This academic achievement forms a vital foundation for the journey ahead.

Subsequently, candidates need to successfully clear the entrance exams that correspond to their desired designations within the police force. Various entrance exams are conducted to recruit Police Officers at different levels, including the SSC GD Constable Entrance Exams, State Police Constable Exams, SSC CPO Exam, and UPSC CSE (for IPS).

In addition to the academic and written assessments, aspiring Police Officers must also meet specific physical criteria. They are required to complete a 1600-meter run within a stipulated time of 6 minutes and 30 seconds, demonstrating their physical fitness during the Physical Efficiency Test (PET). Furthermore, candidates are rigorously evaluated through the Police Officer’s Physical Abilities Test (POPAT), which assesses their speed, agility, strength, endurance, focus, determination, and stamina.

Lastly, certain height and weight requirements exist for candidates aspiring to join the Indian Police Service (IPS). Male candidates must meet a minimum height requirement of 170 cm, while female candidates should have a minimum height of 157 cm.

How To Become a Police Officer Easily
How To Become a Police Officer Easily 3

What are the courses of a Police Officer?

To become a Police Officer after clearing the 12th board exams, students are eligible for various designations such as Constable and Head Constable. While a graduation degree is not mandatory to become a Constable, clearing the relevant entrance exams for these positions is required.

The table below outlines the eligibility criteria and entrance exams for different designations to become a Police Officer after clearing the 12th board exams:

DesignationEligibilityEntrance Exams
ConstableClear Class 12th board examsState-conducted recruitment exams
Head ConstableClear Class 12th board examsState conducted recruitment exams

After completing graduation in any subject, candidates become eligible for higher designations as Police Officers. Students who clear the UPSC or IPS entrance exams can join the Police force in positions such as Superintendent of Police, Deputy Superintendent of Police, and Assistant Commissioner of Police.

The table below presents some of the top posts that can be pursued after clearing the relevant entrance exams conducted by the states or the central government:

DesignationsEntrance Exams
Superintendent of Police / Deputy Superintendent of PoliceUPSC CSE (IPS)
Assistant Commissioner of PoliceUPSC CSE (IPS)
Sub InspectorSSC
Assistant Sub InspectorSSC

To become a Police Officer, certain courses are recommended to acquire the necessary knowledge and skills. The table below outlines key courses for becoming a Police Officer in India:

ParametersCriminology CoursesPolitical Science CoursesSociology Courses
Duration3 years3 years3 years
EligibilityUndergraduation from a recognized universityUndergraduate from a recognized universityUndergraduation from a recognized university
Top CollegesUniversity of Mysore, University of Madras, University of BangaloreLady Shri Ram College, Christ University, Presidency CollegeJadavpur University, LD Arts College, Bharathiar University
Average Course FeesINR 500 – 5,000Undergraduate from a recognized universityINR 500 – 5,000
Average SalaryINR 3.67 LPAINR 3.67 LPAINR 3.67 LPA

What are the different types of Police Officers?

The realm of Indian Police Officers encompasses a diverse array of types, distinguished by their ranks, departments, and levels of experience. To provide you with an overview, below is a tabulated presentation of some major Police Officer types, accompanied by their respective job profiles and average annual salaries:

DesignationsJob ProfilesAverage Annual Salary (INR)
Police ConstablePolice Constables are responsible for gathering information and collecting evidence. They undertake duties such as patrolling, crime detection, prisoner and VIP escort, and assistance to civil administrations.4.2 L
Sub InspectorSub Inspectors ensure the efficient functioning of their management or subordinate staff. Their primary focus is on crime detection and prevention while upholding peace. They also maintain registers at police stations.7.10 L
Assistant Police InspectorAssistant Police Inspectors supervise investigations in the absence of an Inspector. They hold responsibility for crime prevention and detection within their jurisdiction.7.81 L
InspectorInspectors oversee investigations within their jurisdiction. They provide guidance to junior investigating officers and are accountable for official tasks, including record maintenance, reporting to senior Police Officers, and training.8 L
Deputy Superintendent of PoliceDeputy Superintendents of Police (DSPs) execute assigned duties and maintain law and order. They also supervise the work of their subordinates. DSPs oversee cases registered by other police stations within their jurisdiction.9.60 L
Deputy Commissioner of PoliceDeputy Commissioners of Police (DCPs) enforce policies and activities mandated by the central or state government. They possess the authority to monitor the work of junior officials and act as an appellate authority in revenue matters.15.2 L

What is the Salary of a Police Officer?

The salary of a Police Officer in India varies depending on factors such as their designation, experience, and qualifications. However, as a general overview, the average starting salary of a Police Officer typically falls within the range of INR 3 LPA – 3.5 LPA (Lakhs Per Annum). The table below provides an overview of the average annual salaries of Police Officers based on their years of experience:

Experience GainedAverage Annual Salary (INR)
0 – 5 years3 L – 3.60 L
6 – 10 years5.50 L – 6.90 L
11 – 15 years10.4 L
16 – 20 years10.5 L – 12.03 L
20 years & above13 L & above

How to Become a Police Officer in India?

  1. Obtain a bachelor’s degree: To qualify for the Civil Services Examination (CSE) and become a police officer in the IPS, you need to earn a bachelor’s degree in any discipline. Some suitable degree programs include psychology, sociology, criminology, criminal justice, law enforcement, and public safety leadership.
  • Age: You must be between 21 and 32 years old for the general police category.
  • Citizenship: You need to be a citizen of India to join the Indian Police Service.
  • Physical and mental examinations: Pass the required exams to assess your health, eyesight, physical fitness, and ability to handle challenging situations.
  1. Pass the law enforcement exams: Clearing the law enforcement exams conducted by the Union Public Service Commission (UPSC) is a crucial step. These exams consist of three levels:
  • Preliminary exam: The first section covers general studies topics, while the second section contains a Civil Services Aptitude Test (CSAT) with multiple-choice questions.
  • Main exam: After passing the preliminary exam, you can register for the main exam, which assesses your knowledge in subjects like geography, history, politics, environment, and social issues.
  • Interview: Once you clear the main exam, you will face a personal interview conducted by a board. The interview may cover topics such as your city, family background, education, and sports.
  1. Complete IPS training: Candidates who qualify the law enforcement exams undergo training at the IPS to develop self-discipline, professional knowledge, and the ability to tackle unique challenges in the field. The IPS training consists of four parts:
  • Foundation course: This three-month course takes place at the Lal Bahadur Shastri National Academy of Administration (LBSNAA) in Mussoorie. IPS recruits may undergo this training alongside other civil service recruits.
  • Phase I training: Taking place at the Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel National Police Academy (SVPNPA) in Hyderabad, this 11-month training, also known as the basic course, focuses on field operations.
  • District practical training: After completing phase I training, recruits are assigned to their respective cadres for six months of practical training in the districts.
  • Phase II training: The final phase occurs at the SVPNPA and lasts for one month. After completing this step, your IPS training concludes, and you are ready to begin working as a police officer in the IPS.

1. What are the main duties and responsibilities of a Police Officer?

The primary duties of a Police Officer include maintaining law and order, protecting the community, preventing and investigating crimes, responding to emergency calls, enforcing traffic regulations, and providing assistance and support to the public.

2. How does a Police Officer contribute to maintaining public safety?

Police Officers play a crucial role in maintaining public safety by actively patrolling the community, promptly responding to incidents and emergencies, conducting investigations, apprehending suspects, and implementing preventive measures to reduce crime rates.

3. What training and qualifications are required to become a Police Officer?

To become a Police Officer, individuals typically need to meet certain eligibility criteria, which may vary depending on the jurisdiction. This often includes completing the required education, undergoing physical fitness assessments, passing written exams, and successfully completing police academy training programs.

4. How do Police Officers handle emergency situations?

When faced with emergencies, Police Officers are trained to assess the situation quickly, ensure the safety of individuals involved, coordinate with other emergency response agencies, and provide necessary aid or support until specialized assistance arrives.

5. What challenges do Police Officers face in their line of work?

Police Officers encounter various challenges such as dealing with dangerous and unpredictable situations, managing conflicts, working under high-stress conditions, maintaining community trust, and balancing the demands of their job with personal well-being.

6. How do Police Officers interact with the community they serve?

Police Officers strive to build positive relationships with the community by engaging in community-oriented policing initiatives, organizing outreach programs, attending community events, and promoting open communication to foster trust and cooperation.

7. What role does a Police Officer play in crime prevention?

Police Officers actively engage in crime prevention through regular patrols, community policing strategies, educating the public about safety measures, conducting investigations, and collaborating with other law enforcement agencies to identify and address potential threats.